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Christ our Creator – in whom all things exist – Part 1
Defending Creationism

August 2017

Let us now look at some simple, easy to understand tests that will give us an approximate age of the earth.  First is Cosmic Dust.  The falling of Cosmic Dust, which scientists have been measuring for over 50 years now and can be accurately estimated and can be used to calculate the age of the earth.  If we take the amount of Cosmic Dust that falls each month and calculate it backwards to 4.5 billion years there should be 50 to 60 feet accumulated on the planet Earth.  Scientists say that it is here but due to the wind and rain it has been washed into the sea and we just do not see it.  This sounds somewhat logical, I guess.  But some time ago back in 1969 we landed on the moon where there is no wind and rain.  Where there is not one natural event that would remove the 50 to 60 feet of Cosmic Dust from the surface of the moon which had been accumulating for 4.5 Billion years.  The engineers that developed the Lunar landing module were extremely concerned that the module would sink deep into the 50 to 60 feet of dust and disappear.  Therefore, the engineers placed extremely large snowshoe like feet at the end of the landing gear (refer pictures). 

These snowshoe like feet were to prevent the module from sinking into the 50 to 60 feet of Cosmic Dust.  Upon the landing of the Lunar module scientists discovered that instead of 50 to 60 feet of accumulated Cosmic Dust there was less than three inches.  This was and still is a major problem because the absence of all the Cosmic Dust was unexplainable.  Less than three inches of accumulated Cosmic Dust in no way mathematically works out to anywhere near 4.5 Billion years, in fact when you calculate the amount of accumulated Cosmic Dust backwards it puts the age of the Earth at less than 10,000 years.

Another test Geochronologists use to calculate the age of the earth is the decay of the earth’s magnetic field. Geochronologists have been for the last 130 years measuring the strength of the Earth’s magnetic field.  They have noticed that this magnetic field reduces at a measurable amount each year.  They have calculated that the intensity of the Earth’s magnetic field has reduced in intensity by a staggering amount of 14% in the last 130 years.  Now if you calculate the same amount of loss per month, per year backwards so the Earth’s magnetic field would be getting stronger each year it would make the Earth’s temperature due to the strength of the magnetic pull on the earth an astounding 5,000 degrees only 30,000 years ago which is nothing in comparison to 4.5 billion years.  No wonder why Geochronologists have serious reservations regarding Darwin’s theory of “Atheistic Evolution.”

A third test done by Geochronologists is the size of the sun. As we all know the sun is nothing more than a large ball of burning Gas and as the gas burns the ball obviously gets smaller. Scientists for a number of years now have been measuring how much the sun is shrinking in size.  They have calculated that the sun is shrinking point one percent (.1%) per century which translates to approximately five feet per hour.  At a shrinking rate of five feet per hour 10,000 years ago obviously the sun would be much larger and much more intense than it is today. The same holds true for one hundred thousand years ago.  A hundred thousand years ago calculations show us that the sun would have been twice the size it is today.  Can you imagine how hot the earth would have been then?  One million years ago scientists tell us that the earth would be too hot for life of any kind to exist, and 20 million years ago the sun would have been so large it would have physically touched the earth.  Extrapolating this backwards based on the law of uniformity which every evolutionist accepts, there is no way that the earth could possibly be 4.5 billion years old.   

Another test that Geochronologists use to estimate the age of the earth is “Erosion.”  All of us has been to our beaches and have seen firsthand the results of erosion.  Erosion can be measured.  In fact Geochronologists have measured the rate of erosion and once again using the law of uniformity and calculating it back it would only take 14,000,000 years for the Americas to cease to exist. Think about that.  It the larger scheme of evolution what is 14 million years to 4.5 Billion? 

We do not have to go back to Genesis chapter one and embrace the “Gap Theory” or the “Day Age Theory” to try and justify the age of the earth.  There is enough scientific evidence to prove that the earth is relatively young. 

To be fair, there are two methods of testing the age of items whereby the age of the earth can be estimated that we have not mentioned.  These two methods are used by “Atheistic Scientist” to prove that the biblical account in Genesis is not to be believed and “Evolution” is the only viable scientific explanation. These two methods are the “Radio Metric Method” which is used to test volcanic material and the “Carbon 14 method” which calculates the amount of decay of Carbon 14 (14C).  The Carbon 14 method is used to test things that were once alive. 

If we are to buy into these methods and their results we must first discover just how accurate these methods really are.  We are told they are extremely accurate; however through some in-depth study I have found that that statement is highly questionable to say the least.  For example we all remember the Apollo 11 mission astronauts bringing back rocks and soil from the moon.  These rocks were tested using the “Radio Metric Methods.” Five different types of tests were done on the soil and rocks using this “Radio Metric Methods.  Now understanding that the moon is supposed to be 4.5 billion years old just like the earth; the soil tested gave results with four different ages ranging from 4.5 to 8.2 billion years old.  That is almost a four billion year difference.  How accurate is this method again?  The rocks that were taken from the very same place were tested by a fifth method and it dated at 2.3 billion years.[i]  So this very accurate method produced results that were 5.9 billion years apart.  Granted all these test gave results of billions of years but if these tests are so varied and inaccurate how can we trust any of the results.

Moon rocks were also brought back from the Apollo 16 mission as well.  According to Science Magazine January 30th 1973 these rocks were dated at 18 billion years old that is a serious problem because that is 12 billion years older that what “Atheistic Evolutionary” scientists believe the universe is.  There explanation to the problem was to immerse the rocks in acid in order to remove all the lead.  Once the lead was removed they tested them again and came up with an age of 3.8 billion years which they deemed as acceptable.  In other words, if the system does not fit into our ideas, change the system of testing until it does fit.  If you go to the museum today you will find these rocks with the date of 3.8 billion years, but what is not told is how they altered the tests to get a date acceptable to their ideas of the age of the earth. 

Rocks that were spit up via a volcano in Hawaii in 1800-1801 using the potassium argon method were dated at 160 to three billion years old and we know that they are only 210 years old.  Despite what we have been told it is quite obvious that we have been fed a pack of lies and these methods are not accurate.  Carbon 14 (14C) dating is not much more accurate.  Carbon 14 dating is a way of determining the age of certain archeological artifacts of a biological origin up to about 50,000 years. It is used in dating things such as bone, cloth, wood and plant fibers that were created in the relatively recent past by human activities. Its basis is on the fact that a living organism takes in Carbon 14 (14C) while that organism is alive.  Once the organism dies it stops taking in Carbon 14 and the Carbon 14 in the system starts to decay at a calculable rate.  So the younger an organism is the more Carbon 14 present and the older the organism is the less Carbon 14 is present.

Let me explain briefly the basis to this method.  Since no one was there to measure the amount of carbon-14 when a creature died, scientists needed to find a method to determine how much carbon-14 has decayed. To do this, scientists use the main isotope of carbon, called carbon 12 (12C). Because 12C is a stable isotope of carbon, it will remain constant; however, the amount of 14C will decrease after a creature dies. All living things take in carbon (14C and 12C) from eating and breathing. Therefore, the ratio of 14C to 12C in living creatures will be the same as in the atmosphere. This ratio turns out to be about one 14C atom for every 1 trillion 12C atoms. Scientists can use this ratio to help determine the starting amount of 14C.

This test does run into a major problem with accuracy however; the above-ground nuclear tests that occurred in several countries around the world between 1955 and 1980 dramatically increased the amount of carbon 14 in the atmosphere and subsequently in the biosphere; after the tests ended the atmospheric concentration of the isotope began to decrease.  However the damage to the accuracy this test was already done.  The increase in the density of carbon 14 in the biosphere obviously threw off the accuracy of any results on material tested after 1955.

For example living mollusk was dated at 2,300 years old using the Carbon 14 method.[ii] According to Nature Magazine volume 22, March 7, 1970 organic material from a castle’s mortar which the castle was known to be 787 years old was dated using the Carbon 14 method at 7,370 years old.  According to the “Antarctic Journal of the United States volume 6, 1971,” freshly captured live seals were dated at thirteen hundred years old. According to the same article mummified seals that were known to be dead only 30 years were dated at forty five hundred years old.

Science tells us that one of the problems with the carbon 14 method and its inaccuracy is due to the influence of water.  When water is introduced to the item tested it throws the results off.  That is why the Mollusks did not test out, or the mortar did not test out, or the seals did not test out. Now if there was a universal flood as the Bible says and the whole earth was covered with water for over a year, what do you suppose that would do to carbon 14 dating?

Let us look for a moment at what role the Genesis Flood might have played in the amount of carbon?  The Flood would have buried large amounts of carbon from living organisms (plant and animal) to form today’s fossil fuels (coal, oil, etc.). The amount of fossil fuels indicates there must have been a vastly larger quantity of vegetation in existence prior to the Flood than exists today. This means that the biosphere just prior to the Flood might have had 500 times more carbon in living organisms than today. This would further dilute the amount of carbon 14 and cause the carbon 14 carbon 12 ratio to be much smaller than today.

If that were the case, and this carbon 14 were distributed uniformly throughout the biosphere, and the total amount of biosphere carbon were, for example, 500 times that of today’s world, the resulting carbon 14 carbon 12 ratio would be 1/500 of today’s level....

When the Flood is taken into account along with the decay of the magnetic field, it is reasonable to believe that the assumption of equilibrium is a false assumption.  Because of this false assumption, any age estimates using the Carbon-14 method prior to the Flood will give much older dates than the true age. Pre-Flood material would be dated at perhaps ten times their true age.[iii]

Another problem with the Carbon 14 method of age dating is when the developer of the method a Dr. Willard Libby, assumed that the ration of carbon 14 to carbon 12 in the atmosphere has always been the same as it is today (1 to 1 trillion). His reasoning was based on a belief in evolution, which assumes the earth must be billions of years old. Assumptions in the scientific community are extremely important. If the starting assumption is false however, all the calculations based on that assumption might be correct but still give a wrong conclusion.  In Dr. Libby’s original work, he noted that the atmosphere did not appear to be in equilibrium. This was a troubling idea for Dr. Libby since he believed the world was billions of years old and enough time had passed to achieve equilibrium. Dr. Libby’s calculations showed that if the earth started with no carbon 14 in the atmosphere, it would take up to 30,000 years to build up to a steady state of equilibrium.  If the cosmic radiation has remained at its present intensity for 20,000 or 30,000 years, and if the carbon reservoir has not changed appreciably in this time, then there exists at the present time a complete balance between the rate of breakdown of radiocarbon atoms and the rate of absorption of new radiocarbon atoms for all material in the life-cycle.[iv]

Dr. Libby chose to ignore this discrepancy (non-equilibrium state), and he attributed it to experimental error. However, the discrepancy has turned out to be very real. The ratio of carbon-14 to carbon 12 is not constant.  What does this mean?  If it takes about 30,000 years to reach equilibrium and carbon 14 is still out of equilibrium, then maybe the earth is not very old.

To conclude this section on the inaccuracy of these dating systems let me just say that all radiometric dating methods are based on assumptions about events that happened in the past. If the assumptions are accepted as true, (as is typically done in the evolutionary dating processes), results can be biased toward a desired age. In the reported ages given in textbooks and other journals, these evolutionary assumptions have not been questioned, while results inconsistent with long ages have been censored. When the assumptions were evaluated and shown faulty, the results supported the biblical account of a global Flood and young earth. Christians should not be afraid of radiometric dating methods. Carbon 14 dating is really the friend of Christians, and it supports a young earth.

In 1997 an eight-year research project was started to investigate the age of the earth. The group was called the “RATE” group (Radioisotopes and the Age of The Earth). The objective was to gather data commonly ignored or censored by evolutionary standards of dating. The scientists reviewed the assumptions and procedures used in estimating the ages of rocks and fossils. The results of the carbon 14 dating demonstrated serious problems for long geologic ages. The “RATE” scientists are convinced that the popular idea attributed to geologist Charles Lyell from nearly two centuries ago, “The present is the key to the past,” is simply not valid for an earth history of millions or billions of years. An alternative interpretation of the carbon 14 data is that the earth experienced a global flood catastrophe which laid down most of the rock strata and fossils.... Whatever the source of the carbon 14, its presence in nearly every sample tested worldwide is a strong challenge to an ancient age. Carbon 14 data is now firmly on the side of the young-earth view of history.[v]

The solution presented by the Atheistic Evolutionist is that there was no universal flood. It was localized to only the area where Noah was believed to have lived.  So the idea that a global flood would influence any Carbon 14 test is not valid.  This idea is so preposterous it really needs not be responded to.  However, for a moment suppose that to be true.  Would it not have taken a miraculous work of God to hold the flood water into a confined space so it did not spread around the world?  Remember it covered the highest mountain by approximately 25 feet (Ref. Genesis 7:20).  This in itself would be at odds with the Atheistic Evolutionist’s idea that there is no supernatural being.

Another problem for the “Atheistic Evolutionists” is the “Sedimentary Rock Stratums.” Sedimentary rock is formed from fragments from other rocks by precipitation of a liquid. This happens when the movement of finely dissolved solid material floating in liquid settles under the influence of gravitational forces.  Once these solid materials eventually dry, they form rocks.  In the case of a localized flood for example these “Sedimentary Rock Stratums” would only be found in the area where Noah lived and where his arc finally settled.  The rest of the earth would therefore be free from any of these “Sedimentary Rock Stratums.”  This is not the case however; these “Sedimentary Rock Stratums” have been found covering 99 percent of the world’s surface including the highest mountains in the world.  This gives proof to the facts found in Genesis 6 through 9 of a “Universal Flood” and a global devastation which would easily altar all evidences used by Atheistic Evolutionists to prove their theory.  Remember all evolutionary theories rely on the fossil record which along with the world itself would have been devastated, mixed up, changed and altered due to this world wide flood.

But if “Sedimentary Rock Stratums” were the only proof of a “Universal Flood” that might not be enough to convince many stalwart Atheistic Evolutionists. 

Here is more evidence “Atheistic Evolutionists” have an enormous problem explaining.  Ethnology is the scientific study of the origin and functioning of human cultures. It is usually considered one of the major branches of cultural anthropology, the other two being anthropological archaeology and anthropological linguistics.

There are two laws of Ethnology I would like to present as further evidence of a “Universal Global Flood” (Ref. Genesis 7:17-24).  The first one states that when isolated people groups have the same tradition it reflects a common ancestry.  So for example if the American Indians and the Aborigines of Africa have the same tradition they must have a common ancestor somewhere.  The second law says that when widely separated groups have the same tradition it must reflect some historical occurrence.  Again if the American Indians and the people in Africa have the same traditions then it must be rooted is some factual historical account.

Old world missionaries have documented the history or legends of Ancient cultures from around the world and in almost every region on earth.  These old world missionaries reported their amazement at finding remote tribes already possessing legends with tremendous similarities to the Bible's accounts of the worldwide flood. H.S. Bellamy in his book called “Moons, Myths and Man”[vi] estimates that altogether there are over 500 Flood legends worldwide. Ancient civilizations such as (China, Babylonia, Wales, Russia, India, America, Hawaii, Scandinavia, Sumatra, Peru, and Polynesia) all have their own versions of a giant flood. These flood tales are frequently linked by common elements that parallel the Biblical account including the warning of the coming flood, the construction of a boat in advance, the storage of animals, the inclusion of family, and the release of birds to determine if the water level had subsided. The overwhelming consistency among flood legends found in distant parts of the globe indicates they were derived from the same origin (the Bible's record), but oral transcription has changed the details through time.

Perhaps the second most important historical account of a global flood can be found in a Babylonian flood story in the Epic of Gilgamesh. When the Biblical and Babylonian accounts are compared, a number of outstanding similarities are found that leave no doubt these stories are rooted in the same event or oral traditions. are thirty three ancient cultures around the world (Chart shows only 20 of the thirty three ancient cultures[vii]).  Thirty three of the thirty three ancient cultures have a universal flood tradition. Thirty one of the thirty three ancient cultures have a common tradition that this universal flood was totally and completely destructive.  Thirty two of the thirty three have the same tradition that man was divinely saved.  Thirty out of the thirty three say that there was some special provision made to save some of the animals.  Twenty five out of the thirty three have a tradition that speaks of an arc landing on a mountain.  Twenty nine out of the thirty three speaks of a bird being sent from a vessel to find land.  Thirty of the thirty three describe a color filled arch used as a symbol of divine favor.  We know this arch as a “Rainbow.”  Thirty one out of thirty three cultures describe the first thing the people did once they left the vessel was to worship God.  How can anyone deny that, when you have that high of a percentage of ancient people groups carrying the same traditions there must be factual historical evidence for their beliefs?

The only credible way to understand the widespread, similar flood legends is to recognize that all people living today, even though separated geographically, linguistically, and culturally, have descended from the few real people who survived a real global flood, on a real boat which eventually landed on a real mountain. Their descendants now fill the globe, never to forget the real event.[viii]

But, of course, this is not the view of most modern scholars. They prefer to believe that something in our commonly evolved psyche forces each culture to invent the same imaginary flood legend with no basis in real history. Instead of scholarship, this is "willful ignorance" of the facts. “For this they willfully forget: that by the word of God the heavens were of old, and the earth standing out of water and in the water, (6) by which the world that then existed perished, being flooded with water” (2nd Peter 3:5, 6).

If in fact a global or universal flood occurred as Genesis 6-9 describes than any evidence presented by the “Radio Metric Method” and the “Carbon-14 Method” would be inaccurate and impossible to accept as proof of time dating objects at its best and an outright fabrication presented to deceive and manipulate men’s minds and hearts away from the truth at its worse.

I would like to look at one more example of just how preposterous the “Atheistic Evolution Theory” is.  The sheer numerical possibility of this example should beyond a shadow of a doubt conclusively prove that evolution is in no way possible.  I would like to look at the mathematical possibility of RNA and DNA coming together to develop just one cell.

Michael John Denton PhD (Born 25 August 1943) is a British-Australian author and biochemist. In 1973, Denton received his PhD in Biochemistry from King's College London.  Denton gained a medical degree from Bristol University in 1969 and a PhD from King’s College, London University in 1974. He was senior research fellow in the Biochemistry Department at the University of Otego, Dunedin, New Zealand from 1990 – 2005. In his book called “Evolution: A Theory in Crisis” he describes what is called a simple cell, he states that “Molecular biology has shown that even the simplest of living systems on earth today, Bacterial cells are exceedingly complex objects. Each is in effect a veritable micro-miniaturized factory containing thousands of exquisitely designed pieces of intricate molecular machinery, made up altogether of one hundred thousand million atoms; far more complicated than any machine built by man and absolutely without parallel in the non-living world.

Molecular biology has also shown that the basic design of the cell system is essentially the same in all living systems on earth from bacteria to mammals. In all organisms the roles of DNA, mRNA and protein are identical. In terms of the basic biochemical design, therefore, no living system can be thought of as being primitive or ancestral with respect to any other system, nor is there the slightest empirical hint of an evolutionary sequence among all the incredibly diverse cells on earth.”  He goes on to make this statement.

“Perhaps in no other area of modern biology is the challenge posed by the extreme complexity and ingenuity of biological adaptations more apparent than in the fascinating new molecular world of the cell. Viewed down a light microscope at a magnification of some several hundred times, such as would have been possible in Darwin’s time, a living cell is a relatively disappointing spectacle appearing only as an ever-changing and apparently disordered pattern of blobs and particles which under the influence of unseen turbulent forces are continually tossed haphazardly in all directions. To grasp the reality of life as it has been revealed by molecular biology, we must magnify the cell a thousand million times until it is twenty kilometers in diameter and resembles a giant air ship large enough to cover a great city like London or New York.

What we would then see would be an object of unparalleled complexity and adaptive design. On the surface of the cell we would see millions of openings, like the port holes of a vast space ship, opening and closing to allow a continual stream of materials to flow in and out. If we were to enter one of those openings we would find ourselves in a world of supreme technology and bewildering complexity. We would see endless highly organized corridors and conduits branching in every direction away from the perimeter of the cell, some leading to the central memory bank in the nucleus and others to assembly plants and processing units. The nucleus itself would be a vast spherical chamber more than a kilometer in diameter resembling a geodesic dome inside of which we would see, all neatly stacked together in ordered arrays the miles of coiled chains of the DNA molecules. A huge range of products and raw materials would shuttle along all the manifold conduits in a highly ordered fashion to and from all the various assembly plants n the outer regions of the cell. We would wonder at the level of control implicit in the movement of so marry objects down so many seemingly endless conduits, all in perfect unison.

What we would be witnessing would be an object resembling an immense automated factory, a factory larger than a city and carrying out almost as many unique functions as all the manufacturing activities of man on earth. However, it would be a factory which would have one capacity not equaled in any of our own most advanced machines, for it would be capable of replicating its entire structure within a matter of a few hours. To witness such an act at a magnification of one thousand million times would be an awe-inspiring spectacle.” (pp. 328-329)

In conclusion Dr. Denton writes; “The complexity of the simplest known type of cell is so great that it is impossible to accept that such an object could have been thrown together suddenly by some kind of freakish, vastly improbable event. Such an occurrence would be indistinguishable from a miracle.” (p. 264)

“It is the sheer universality of perfection, the fact that everywhere we look, to whatever depth we look, we find an elegance and ingenuity of an absolutely transcending quality, which so mitigates against the idea of chance. Is it really credible that random processes could have constructed a reality, the smallest element of which - a functional protein or gene - is complex beyond our own creative capacities, a reality which is the very antithesis of chance, which excels in every sense anything produced by the intelligence of man?” (p. 342)[ix]

[i] Science Magazine, January 30th, 1970

[ii] Science Magazine, Volume 130

[iii] J. Baumgarder, C-14 evidence for a recent global Flood and a young earth, Radioisotopes and the Age of the Earth, Vol. 2, Institute

[iv] W. Libby, Radiocarbon Dating, Univ. of Chicago Press, Chicago, Illinois, 1952

[v] D. DeYoung, Thousands ... Not Billions, Master Books, Green Forest, Arkansas, 2005, 61.

[vi] Moon, Myths, and Man, H.S.Bellamy, Faber and Faber, 1934

[vii] Flood legions from around the world,

[viii] Institute of Creation Research – John D. Morris – Article - Why Does Nearly Every Culture Have a Tradition of a Global Flood?

[ix] Michael John Denton PhD – Evolution-A Theory in Crisis, Adler and Adler, 1985

Last Month's Teaching Back to Top Part Two

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